Agas-Agas Bridge, Sogod, Southern Leyte’s most beautiful bridge right in the middle of a rain forest.

Agas-agas Bridge, the tallest bridge in the Philippines located in Sogod, Southern Leyte.
A soft opening of Zip Southern Leyte, is the first tandem zipline facility in Eastern Visayas,

Mount Pangasugan is a mountain in the province of Leyte in the Philippines. It is approximately 1,150 metres (3,770 ft) tall, and located toMount Pangasugan is a mountain in the province of Leyte in the Philippines. It is approximately 1,150 metres (3,770 ft) tall, and located to the north of the town of Baybay. The mountain is densely vegetated, very steep, and home to a remarkable number of plant and animal species. It has been called “the last forest frontier in Eastern Visayas.” Situated in the virgin rain forest mountain, is Mt. Pangasugan Ecopark. the north of the town of Baybay. The mountain is densely vegetated, very steep, and home to a remarkable number of plant and animal species. It has been called “the last forest frontier in Eastern Visayas.” Situated in the virgin rain forest mountain, is Mt. Pangasugan Ecopark.

 Mt. Pangasugan Ecopark. the north of the town of Baybay.

A stunning bay & beach of Sabang in the Puerto-Princesa Palawan, Philippines. Subterranean River National Park with tropical rainforest covered hills in the background,

Kanla-on or Canlaon, is an active volcano on Negros island in central Philippines. The stratovolcano straddles the provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental, approximately 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Bacolod City, the capital and most populous city of Negros Occidental. The volcano is a favorite spot for mountain climbers and is the centerpiece of Mt. Kanlaon Natural Park, a national park originally established on August 8, 1934. It is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines and part of the Pacific ring of fire.

Paniguian Island (also called Boquette Island),Barangay Santo Nino, Puerto Galera, Province of Mindoro Oriental,  Philippines. The estimate terrain elevation above sea level is 10 metres. Variant forms of spelling for Paniguian or in other languages.
Mount Malasimbo is located in  Northern Mindoro together with Mts. Alinbayan, Calavite, and Talipanan. It dominates the skyline of the famous beaches of Puerto Galera. Mount Malasimbo is home to a wide range of flora and fauna: deers, wild boars, and rare varieties of birds.
The mountain is the home of the Mangyan tribes. An encounter with this indigenous people serves as part of the experience of climbing Mount Malasimbo. However, majority of the Mangyans have embraced modern culture and have donned contemporary clothing.-

Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed

The Talomo-Lipadas watershed is the source of 97% of the Davao City's drinking water. Following the PCEEM Davao definition of watersheds, the TLW cover a total of 53 barangays with a total land area of 38,000 hectares. 
The TLW have all the elements of the ecosystems continuum: forests, marginal or grasslands, agricultural lands, river systems, population centers, and coasts. Within the TLWs are human constructs that are perceived threats to biodiversity as well as to the quality and quantity of Davao City's water reserves:

Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed. Davao City’s tap water has been tested for quality and was adjudged as one of the best in the world in terms of cleanliness, safety, mineral content, and taste. No need for boiling, distilling, purifying, adding of minerals. No less than the World Health Organization said so!
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed
Mount Talomo -Lipadas Watershed

Prayer Mountain in Tamayong, Calinan, Davao City, Philippines at 3,000 feet above sea level and connected to 2,000 hectares of forest land just below the protected area attributed to Mt. Apo.

The Kingdom of Jesus Christ’s Covenant Mountain and Prayer Center is located at the foothills of Mt.
Apo in Tamayong, Calinan, Davao City, Philippines.

Mt. Manalmon possesses novel landscapes, including those of Madlum River, whose rock formations compensate for an otherwise unremarkable environ. Also, nearby sites such as the Bayukbok Caves (a 2-hr exploration from the River) and Madlum cave (historical due to an 18th century relic) can be coupled with a trip to Mt. Manalmon to maximize the Biak-na-Bato experience.

 Mt. Manalmon

Mt. Manalmon is a great place for budding adventurers and seasoned hikers alike. The mountain has an elevation of 196 masl and it is located in the province of San Miguel, Bulacan. Mt. Manalmon is a part of the historical Biak-Na-Bato National Park, which is where Emilio Aguinaldoestablished the Biak-Na-Bato Republic – formally known as the first Republic of the Philippines.

The Sohoton cave is a cathedral-like dome with an entrance of a parabolic arch-type for about fifty-meters high. It has a flat door area near the entrance, about twenty (20) meters in width and fifty-meters in length. On its ceiling hangs spike-shaped crystalline stalactites and rustic and cavernous walls and stalagmites on the cave’s floor. At the far end of the cave are a prince-like window and a balcony overlooking the natural swimming pool below. Also located within the Sohoton National Park, Samar, Philippines.

View south of the northern Sierra Madre (from peak of Mt. Cagua, Municipality of Gonzaga, Cagayan Province).

The Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park, also known as the Palanan complex or Wilderness Area, is in eastern Isabela Province, in the northern half of the Sierra Madre mountain range. It is bounded by the Dikatayan River to the north, the Disabungan River to the south, the Cagayan Valley to the west and the Philippine Sea to the east. The topography within the park ranges from relatively low hills with moderately steep slopes near the coast to higher mountains with very steep slopes, peaks and sharp ridges in the interior of the Sierra Madre Mountain Range.

These are average sized ‘giant’ pili trees (photos) in the mountain village of Odikin. Others are more ancient looking and much massive in size. It is obvious that these are the original inhabitants of the place.
Odikin officially referred to as Barangay Santa Barbara is located in the lower slopes of Mount Bulusan around 2 km from the PDZ (Permanent Danger Zone) of Bulusan Volcano.

 Mount Bulusan Rainforest -  Sorsogon
Philippine Eagle -Mount Apo Rainforest Davao sel Sur
Samar Virgin Rainforest

The seven waterfalls are namely 1-7 according to their sequential order. The first falls is the easiest to reach, is called Dongon falls or Hikong Alu in local language, which means passage. The second falls, which is the highest among the seven falls, is called Hikong Bente which means immeasurable. The third falls is called Hikong B’lebed which means coil or zigzag. The fourth falls is called Hikong Lowig which means booth. The fifth falls is Hikong Kefoi which means wild flower. The sixth falls is called Hikong Ukol which means short. And the seventh and the last falls is Hikong Tonok which means soil. From the first falls, you can go to the second falls by trekking or walking.

Lake Sebu Forest - Lake Sebu is surrounded by rolling hills and forested mountains and is home to the T'boli, a highland tribe famous for their colourful costumes, complicated beadwork, woven work and brass ornaments. The Ubos, or Tasaday, also live in the region, they are a cave-dwelling and primitive, stone-age tribe that lived in isolation in high caves of the primary rain forest area. Another tribe, the Tirurays, are divided into coastal, river and mountain groups. Tirurays who live in the mountains still live in their traditional way. The area of Lake Sebu is recognized as the T'boli and Ubo ancestral domain.

Rainforest jungle in Davao Province, Mindanao, Philippines
Jungle river scenery in Mindoro, Philippines
Tinuy-an Falls is located in Burboanan, Bislig City, a one hour ride from Mangagoy, centre of trade and commerce in Bislig City. The falls are 95 m wide and 55 metres (180 ft) high, touted as the Niagara Falls of the Philippines. Tinuy-an is a white water curtain that flows in three levels and is said to be the widest waterfall in the Philippines. Every morning, the area shows a rainbow between 9 a.m. to 11 a.m.
Asik-asik Falls is located at Sitio Dulao, Upper Dado, Alamada, North Cotabato, Philippines. This spring falls is very amazing because there is no stream above the hill where the water comes. The water is springing from the rocks.
Snake Islet is an offshoot little island found in Lake Danao, Camotes, Philippines.  text-align: start;">Lake Danao is also popularly labeled as the Lover’s Lake. For some obvious reasons, it is serene and has romantic appeal for couples or lovers to be at.

Nasuli freshwater spring is located in Barangay (village) Bangcud, Malaybalay City, Bukidnon. The province of Bukidnon sits on the northern-most part of the island of Mindanao in southern Philippines. 
The resort offers a serene retreat for visitors. All you will ever get to hear in the area are the chirping of birds, the occasional splash of small fish jumping out of the water, and the familiar chatter of the woods when a slight breeze rattles the leaves of trees surrounding the lagoon.
Located 2 km north of the town of Lazi, Cambugahay Falls is one of the attractions in Siquijor Island in Visayas, Philippines. It consists of cascading multi-tiered waterfalls, with fresh and clean warm water run-off, coming from natural springs, watersheds and small rain forests of the higher mountains. These waters then snake about 3 kilometers downstream, creating many beautiful swimming lagoons and little rapids along the way before it empties into Lazi Bay.
( RIGHT) - Cliff Tree - Hanging over the cliff edge found in Santa Rosa, Poro, Camotes, Philippines.
( LIFT) - Cliff Tree - Hanging over the cliff edge found in Santa Rosa, Poro, Camotes, Phil.
A more than two centuries Kalatsutsi Tree found in the cliff of Santa Rosa beach, Poro, Camotes, Philippines.

Kabigan Falls is surrounded by thick forest and well known for its concaved basin, located at the eastern part of Barangay Balaoi, about 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) away from the national highway. Kabigan falls is also part of the town of Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte and a trek going to this falls is usually included in the tricycle tour offered in the area.  The trek going to Kabigan Falls takes 30 to 40 minutes mostly of flat area so you'll have time to enjoy the verdant panorama. Although there is a visible trail going to the falls, you'll still need a tour guide if it's your first time there just to be safe.



POPULATION  IN THE PHILIPPINES (this time click here )
WORLD POPULATION  (this time click here)

People's Park -Davao                                 Kadayawan Festivals
Beaches & Resorts                                    Mount Apo
Then  &  Now                                            Hotels in Davao city
 Jack's Ridge                                             Tall Buildings in Davao city           
Davao Directory                                         University of Immaculate Conception
Enter Davao                                               Ateneo de Davao University
Welcome Davao                                        Colleges & Universities in Davao
Travel and Tour                                          Durian Fruit Trees
                                                                 Central 911 Davao city
MALLS & SUPERMARKETS                                             
Victoria Plaza Mall
Gaisano Mall
SM City
NCCC  Mall
Felcris Supermarket

Ms. Susan  M  Batayan
Hiyas  Sa  Kadayawan - 2014  Ata  Tribe

Ms. Susan  M  Batayan
Hiyas  Sa  Kadayawan - 2014  Ata  Tribe

Candidates pose outside the City Hall building of Davao City. (L to R) Liezel Mae O. Anac 19, (Tagabawa-Bagobo), Susan M. Batawan, 20 (Ata), Noteza M. Nogan, 20 (Obu-Manuuvu), Chally Lou A. Lacaran, 24, (Matigsalog), Cesa Mae K. Tangkih, 24 (Sama), Bai Mina A. Elatan, 20, (Iranun), Bai Azmyelah M. Latip, 19 (Maguindanao), Fahmia E. Basari, 18 (Tausog), Hida-Ya B. Polao, 21 (Maranao), Amiel T. Lubama, 21 (Kagan) and Kessia Carol D. Tar, 18 (Bagobo-clata). They will compete for the Hiyas ng Kadayawan crown on August 15, 2014 at 7:30 pm at the Davao Recreation Center.

Kadayawan Festival
The Kadayawan Festival is an annual festival in the city of Davao in the Philippines. Its name derives from the friendly greeting "Madayaw", from the Dabawenyo word "dayaw", meaning good, valuable, superior or beautiful. The festival is a celebration of life, a thanksgiving for the gifts of nature, the wealth of culture, the bounties of harvest and serenity of living.

It was said that, long time ago, Davao's ethnic tribes residing at the foot of Mount Apo would converge during a bountiful harvest. This ritual serves as their thanksgiving to the gods particularly to the "Manama" (the Supreme Being).

Various farming implements, fruits, flowers, vegetables, rice and corn grains were displayed on mats as villagers give their respect and thanks for the year's abundance. Singing, dancing and offerings to their divine protectors are the highlights of this ritual.

Although times have changed, this practice of thanksgiving or "pahinungod" is still very much practiced by modern day Davaoeños. This tradition flourished and evolved into an annual festival of thanksgiving.

In the 1970s, Mayor Elias B. Lopez, a Bagobo, initiated tribal festivals featuring the Lumad and the Muslim tribes of Davao City where they showcase their dances and rituals of thanksgiving.

Later in 1986, a program called "Unlad Proyekto Davao" was initiated by the government which was aimed to unite the Dabawenyos after the turbulent Martial Law era. At that time, the festival was called "Apo Duwaling," a name created from the famous icons of Davao: Mt. Apo, the country's highest peak; Durian, the king of fruits; and Waling-waling, the queen of orchids.

"Apo Duwaling" was meant to showcase the city as a peaceful destination to visit and to do business after 1986 EDSA Revolution.

Finally in 1988, City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte renamed the festival as "Kadayawan sa Dabaw" to celebrate the bountiful harvest of Davao's flowers, fruits and other produce as well as the wealth of the city's cultures. To this day, the festival continues to honor the city's richness and diverse artistic, cultural and historical heritage in a grand celebration of thanksgiving for all of Davao City's blessings.

Today, Kadayawan has transformed into a festival of festivals, with a number of spin-off festivals in the region. The festival honors Davao's artistic, cultural and historical heritage, its past personified by the ancestral Lumad people, its people as they celebrate on the streets, and its floral industry as its representatives parade in full regalia in thanksgiving for the blessings granted on the city. A celebration that interfaces the three aspects: tribal; industrial and; arts and entertainment. The festivities are highlighted with floral floats, street-dancing competitions and exhibits that showcases the island's tourism products and services.

Today, the recognized original tribes of Davao are here for political reasons. They are recognized because of their present day influence since they have organized themselves well. They are given deputy mayors to be their representatives to the political powers of Davao City. The present tribes of Davao is not based on historical accounts of the original inhabitants at all. They have removed the Mansakas and Mandayas from the list and replaced them with the Muslim tribes like Maranao, Tausug, and Maguindanao. Their reason is Mansaka is from Davao del norte and Mandaya is from Davao Oriental. What they didn't notice is the places they said have "Davao" in their names while the Maguindanaos, Tausugs and Maranaos are obviously not from a place called Davao. What is more ironic is that Mandaya and Mansaka have the word "MADAYAW" in their dialects from which the "Kadayawan Festival" is derived.

If the tribes are recognized because of their present numbers in a city then the Muslim tribes(especially the Maranaos) must have been also recognized as original tribes by other cities and municipalities since they are found in numbers in every city and municipality in the Philippines.

Floral Float Parade - Thousands of colorful flowers are formed into different shapes that the creator prefers. Aside from the fresh flowers, they include also fresh fruits. This is the most-watched even in the annual festival.
Indak-Indak sa Kadalalan - A street dance competition participated in different schools, communities, and organization  in their colorful tribal costumes and jewels.
Hiyas sa Kadayawan - A beauty pageant that showcase the fabulously gorgeous ladies of the different tribes of Davao.

August 15, special non-working day in Davao City

MALACAÑANG has declared August 15, Friday, as a special non-working day in Davao City in celebration of the Kadayawan Festival.

Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr. inked Proclamation No. 829, declaring August 15 as holiday to allow the people of Davao City to participate this year’s event.

Aside from Kadayawan sa Dabaw, the City also celebrates the Kadayawan sa Kagikan or Indigenous People's (IP) Celebration on August 15.

A total of four activities highlighting IPs culture will be held on the same day -- Subang Sinugdanan or Davao River Festival, Panagtagbo or Tribal Confluence Celebration, Bantawan or Tribal Performing Art Showcase and Hiyas sa Kadayawan or Search for Kadayawan Gem.

The City Government of Davao together with its come-backing private-partner Kadayawan sa Dabaw Foundation Inc. already lined up activities for the festival.

Councilor Al Ryan Alejandre said a total of 13 major activities are lined up for this year's festival. These include the Pagbukas or the Kadayawan Celebratory Opening Ceremony on August 12 at 5 p.m. at Rizal and Quezon Parks, Sayaw Mindanaw or Mindanao Indigenous-Based Dance Festival and Tunog Mindanao or World Music Festival on August 13, Wednesday, the Indak-indak sa Kadalanan or Street Dancing, Indigay sa Tugtog or IIK Musical Showdown and Yugyugan or Disco Street Party on August 16, and pamulak or floral float parade, Gasa sa Abut or Gift of Harvest and Pasalamat or Closing Festivity on August 17.

This year's theme for Kadayawan is "Kalamboan sa Kinaiyahan: Kadayawan sa Katawhan" or Nature's Flourishing: People's Well-being."


Duterte’s vision for PH

By Arianne Caryl N. Casas
Sunday, August 3, 2014

IS DAVAO City Mayor Rodrigo R. Duterte already preparing his political platform despite his repeated refusal to run for president in 2016?

Aside from declaring revolutionary government and closing the Congress and Bureau of Customs, Duterte announced he would also close all government corporations and possibly appointing leftists to handle some national agencies that play important role in the country.

Duterte also said that out of hundreds of generals in the country, only 40 of them will be retained.

During the government-paid Gikan sa Masa, Para sa Masa program Sunday, the city mayor revealed his “visions” for the country amid campaigns for him to run as president in 2016.

“It’s not a political platform. It’s a vision for my country,” he said Sunday.

In several press conferences with the media and even national seminars and forums held in the city, Duterte have always told the participants he is “not qualified and not interested” with the position.

He reiterated his statement Sunday.

“Kay ug ako’y ibutang nga president, ug dili nako makuha ang reporma nga akong gusto (If ever I become president and I cannot get the reforms I want), I will declare a revolutionary government… Then I will start to change the government. Gubot na (There will be chaos). I might be assassinated,” he said.

“I’ll close Congress gamiton nako ang kwarta. Sirhan tanan government corporations, kaning SSS ug GSIS, ug di sila mag tarong nga ang tao maabtan ug tag lima sa katuig bago ma process ilang papel, I will privatize everything there. Ang Customs, iprivatize ko na ug di gyud muundang (I will use the government money. I will shut down all government corporations especially GSIS and SS if they continue with their poor service where a member has to wait five years before his documents are processed. I will privatize Customs if the personnel continue with their corrupt ways),” he added.

Duterte also said, “Tanang generals, pagsaka nako (The moment I sit in power, all generals), I will consider you all retired. I will retain only about 40, the best and the brightest of the military. You can retire as colonel.”

He also revealed his “vision” for the leftist leaders, whom he has an open communication with.

“Nur, magstorya ta. Kung gusto mo coalition government, Jalandoni, okay ibutang ta ka sa DAR. Si Jose Maria Sison, sa DSWD.

Ang dili nako ihatag sa inyo ang military, police, international relations and two others. The rest ilaha na ana. Pagkahuman mag federal ta (Let’s talk, Nur Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front. If National democratic Front’s Luis Jalandoni wants a coalition government, then I will appoint him to lead the agrarian reform while Jose Ma. Sison will head the Department of Social Welfare and Development. What I will not hand to rebels will be the military, police, international relations, and two others. The rest, they can have it. After all these, let’s adapt the federal system),” Duterte said.

After fulfilling his “visions”, he said he would be delivering his inaugural speech.

He said he would deliver it as: “Mga kababayan, sundin natin ang batas at yung pagkakamali na ginawa o nangyari na, ico-correct natin. At huwag tayo maghanap ng problema. Trabaho lang.”

“Muingon man gud ang mga taga Manila nga extremist ko. Tinuod na extremist ko. Pero kung gusto ninyo Makita ang resulta sa extremism sa pagdala sa trabaho, tan-awa ang Davao (Those from Manila refer to me as an extremist. I am an extremist. But if you want to see how extremism can bring in the jobs, then look at Davao). I will not allow oppression and abuse in my government,” he said.

Meanwhile, Barangay Capt. Mar Masanguid, who heads the Duterte for President 2016 Movement, said they have already visited several cities, municipalities and provinces to gather signatures that would urge Duterte to run.

"Di sab mi mohunong sa pagpanigo mog signatures. Sa mosunod nga mga adlaw, padung ta sa Cebu City ug mga dapit nga wa pa nato maadtoan. Modagan na si Mayor Rody, tan-awa pag-abot sa panahon, mo-declare na siya (We will not stop from gathering signatures. In the coming days we are going to Cebu City and places we have not yet gone to. He will be urged to run, let’s see, he will declare his candidacy),” Masanguid said.

He said the movement already gathered nine million signatures.

Davao City (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Filipino: Lungsod ng Dabaw) is a city in Mindanao, Philippines which is the center of Metro Davao, the third most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines (as of 2010 Census with a population of 2.26 million, after Metro Manila's 11.86 million and Metro Cebu's 2.55 million). With a total land area of 2,444 square kilometers, the city is the largest in the country in terms of land area. The city serves as the main trade, commerce, and industry hub of Mindanao and the regional center for Davao Region. As of the 2010, it had a population of 1,449,296 people, making it the fourth-most-populous city in the Philippines and the most populous in Mindanao.Davao is home to Mount Apo, the highest mountain in the Philippines.


The region's name is derived from its Bagobo origins. The word davao came from the phonetic blending of three Bagobo subgroups' names for the Davao River, a major waterway emptying into the Davao Gulf near the city. The aboriginal Obos, who inhabit the hinterlands of the region, called the river Davah (with a gentle vowel ending, although later pronunciation is with a hard v or b); the Clatta (or Giangan/Diangan) called it Dawaw, and the Tagabawa called it Dabo. To the Obos, davah also means "a place beyond the high grounds" (alluding to settlements at the mouth of the river surrounded by high, rolling hills). When asked where they were going, the usual reply was davah (pointing towards the town). Dawaw also refers to a trading settlement, where forest goods are bartered for salt and other commodities.


Davao City is approximately 588 miles (946 km) southeast of Manila over land, and 971 kilometres (524 nmi) by sea. The city is located in southeastern Mindanao, on the northwestern shore of Davao Gulf, opposite the island city of Samal.


Davao City's land, totaling about 2,443.61 square kilometres (943.48 sq mi), is hilly in the west (the Marilog district) and slopes down to the southeastern shore. Mount Apo, the highest peak in the Philippines, is located at the city's southwestern tip. Mount Apo National Park (the mountain and its surrounding vicinity), was inaugurated by President Manuel Quezon (in Proclamation 59 of May 8, 1936) to protect the flora and fauna of the surrounding mountain range.

The Davao River is the city's primary drainage channel. Draining an area of over 1,700 km2 (660 sq mi), the 160-kilometre (99 mi) river begins in the town of San Fernando, Bukidnon.

Almost half of the total land area is classified as timberland or forest. Agriculture remains the largest economic sector comprising banana, pineapple, coffee and coconut plantations.


Davao has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), with little seasonal variation in temperature. Average monthly temperatures are always above 26 °C (78.8 °F), and average monthly precipitation is above 77 millimetres (3.03 in). This gives the city a tropical climate, without a true dry season; while there is significant rainfall in winter, most precipitation occurs during the summer months (see climate chart, below).

Flora and fauna

Mount Apo is home to several bird species 111 of which are endemic to the area. It is also home to one of the world's largest eagles: the critically endangered Philippine Eagle, the country’s national bird.
Fruits such as mangosteen and durian (known as the "king of fruits"), grow abundantly on Mount Apo.


Despite Davao City's location in the Asian portion of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the city has suffered few earthquakes and most have been minor. Mount Apo, 40 kilometers southwest from the city proper, is a dormant volcano.


The population of Davao City is 1,449,296 according to the 2010 NSO Census. Metro Davao (with the city as its center) had about 2,274,913 people in 2010, making it the third-most-populous metropolitan area in the Philippines and the most-populous city in Mindanao. Also as of 2010, the population of the city's agglomeration of local government units (including other LGUs outside Metro Davao, such as Sto. Tomas and Kapalong in Davao del Norte and Bansalan in Davao del Sur) was estimated at 2,854,711.

Residents of Davao City are colloquially known as Davaoeños. Many Davaoeños of Asian descent live and work in the city. Most Davaoeños are of mixed Visayan and Lumad descent. Japanese and Chinese descendants make up the remaining Davaoeño population.


Davaoeño Cebuano (or Visayan) is the most widely spoken language in the city. English is the medium of instruction in schools, and widely understood by residents.


The largest religious group is Roman Catholic, comprising about 80 percent of the population. Other Christian groups, such as the Iglesia Ni Cristo (Church of Christ), Evangelicals, the Jesus Miracle Crusade and the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) comprise eight percent. Seventh-day Adventists and Baptists are other Christian denominations. The remainder belong to non-Christian faiths (Islam, Buddhism and animism).

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Davao is the main metropolitan see of the Roman Catholic Church in southern Mindanao. It comprises the city of Davao, the Island Garden City of Samal and the municipality of Talaingod in Davao del Norte; under its jurisdiction are the three suffragan dioceses of Digos, Tagum and Mati (the capital cities of the three Davao provinces). Archbishop Romulo Valles of the Archdiocese of Davao, appointed on February 11, 2012, by Pope Benedict XVI, took office on May 22, 2012, at San Pedro Cathedral. Saint Peter, locally known as San Pedro, is the patron saint of the city.


Assimilation is the essence of multi-cultural city of Davao. A chartered city, it appreciates differences in culture and tradition of the ethnic groups which joined the local tribes present during its early history as a city.

Foreign influence

Like most cities in the Philippines, Christians predominate in Davao. Christian churches and chapels dot the city's landscape along with temples, mosques and other places of worship.

Another Spanish tradition is the celebration by barrios (villages) of the feast day of their respective patron saint with a festival (fiesta). In these celebrations, songs and dance become the sights and sounds of Davao. The largest of these celebrations is the week-long Kadayawan Festival. The Davao Chinatown is the primary residence of the Chinese community. It has its own seaport, the Santa Ana Wharf which is also a part of Davao International Port.
Japanese cultural influence, like that of the Chinese, was also prominent in the city.The concentration of the Japanese Community before was in Mintal in the 3rd District of Toril, Davao City. In fact, a Japanese cemetery and Japanese Shrine is located there in Bago Oshiro in Mintal. There are various Japanese-owned businesses in the city. Davao is also home to Nikkie Jin-Kai International School, a Japanese Educational Institution.


Media networks such as ABS-CBN Corporation, GMA Network, Inc., TV5, PTV, IBC-13, Solar News Channel, Davao Christian Broadcasting Channel and Sonshine Media Network International maintain local stations in the city.
In addition to 24 national newspapers, Davao City has 21 local newspapers, including the Sun Star Davao, the Mindanao Times and the Mindanao Examiner


There are a number of cultural-heritage sites in the city, including the Davao Museum (in Insular Village, Lanang), the Mindanao Folk Arts Museum (Philippine Women's College, Juna Subdivision, Matina), Davaoeño Historical Society Museum (at Magallanes and Claveria Streets) and the Philippine-Japan Museum (Matsuo Compound, Calinan). Japanese historical sites include the Japanese Tunnel (used by Japanese forces during World War II), the 20th-century Japanese cemetery and the Furukawa Fiber Plant (used by Yoshizo Furukawa as an abacá and banana plantation).


The cuisine of Davao City features skewered and grilled meat dishes, but the most common dish served in the city is kinilaw, a relative of ceviche made from tuna, mackerel, or swordfish with cucumber (and sometimes radishes) and chili marinated in vinegar. Sinuglaw, a portmanteau of sinugba (grilled) and kinilaw in the Cebuano language, is also a term for a dish in which diced, grilled pork belly is mixed with kinilaw.

Fruit dishes, snacks, and desserts are also popular, most made from durian and bananas. Ginanggang is a banana dish that originated in this city and spread to other parts of the country; a banana is grilled, skewered, brushed with margarine and sprinkled with sugar. Durian dishes, snacks, and desserts include durian ice cream, durian pie and durian shakes.


Davao City is divided into three congressional districts, which are subdivided into 11 administrative districts with a total of 182 barangays.

With an estimated urban area of 293.78 km2 (113.43 sq mi),[8] or about 12 percent of the region's total land area, Davao is the largest city in Mindanao and the Visayas with the population of 1,449,296 and the third most populous metropolitan area after Metro Cebu. .
There are several commercial centres in the metropolitan area: Poblacion (the city centre), Davao Chinatown, Bajada, Lanang, Matina, Ecoland, Agdao, Buhangin and, at the city's southern edge, Toril and Mintal.



Popular modes of public transportation are multicabs, jeepneys, tricycles, buses and taxis. Multicabs and jeepneys ply 82 designated passenger-vehicle routes around the clock. Tricycles ply routes beyond the main streets of the city. Taxis have several routes in and around Davao City. In mountainous areas, the habal-habal passenger motorcycle is the main mode of transportation.
Davao City has the first taxis in the Philippines to accept payments from BancNet and MegaLink ATM and debit cards. The black taxis are linked to the Global Positioning System (GPS), and dispatching is done by computer.
Davao City offers a wide bus network to cities and provinces in Mindanao and as far as Pasay City in Luzon, Ormoc and Tacloban in the Visayas. The city is accessible by bus from several points in Mindanao such as Cotabato, Kidapawan, General Santos, Digos, Koronadal, Isulan, Tagum, Tandag, Malaybalay, Mati, Nabunturan, Malita, Cagayan de Oro, Butuan, and Surigao .
Construction of roads and bridges is underway. The city's third major road (the Buhangin Underpass) was completed in the first quarter of 2003. The Traffic Management and Computerization Scheme was implemented, considered one of the most modern in the country.


Davao is connected to Manila by roll-on/roll-off inter-island ferries. The city is served by domestic passenger ferries at Sasa Port and Santa Ana Wharf, the international seaports of the Port of Davao (the busiest port in Mindanao). The port is capable of servicing inter-island and international shipments. It is located in Davao Gulf and has two approaches, one at Pakiputan Strait between Davao and western Samal Island.
The Port of Davao has two government seaports (Sasa International Wharf and Santa Ana Domestic Wharf) and nine privately owned ports. In addition, the Toril International Fish Port Complex accommodates small and large-scale fishing activities and provides facilities such as cold storage.


Davao City has direct flights to major Philippine cities and Singapore. Francisco Bangoy International Airport is the major airport serving the city. It is the busiest airport in Mindanao, and the third-busiest in the Philippines. On November 12, 2007, Cebu Pacific announced that the airport would be its third hub


Davao is part of the East Asian Growth Area, a regional economic-cooperation initiative in Southeast Asia. Like the rest of the Philippines, Davao City has a market-oriented economic system.
In 2011, Davao City ranked 87th among the world's fastest-growing cities by the City Mayors Foundation, based in London and Freiburg, Germany. According to the foundation, the city has a projected average annual growth of 2.53 percent over a 15-year period; Davao was the only Philippine city to reach the top 100.
Davao Light and Power Co., an Aboitiz company which is the third-largest electric utility in the country, serves the city's needs. With Davao Light's Bajada Power Plant and supply agreements with other generating plants, the city has fewer power interruptions compared to other parts of Mindanao during an island-wide power shortage.
Durian monument at Davao International Airport
Davao is a leading producer of mangoes, pomeloes, bananas, coconut products, papayas and mangosteens. Durians are also a notable export.

Davao City is one of the financial hubs of Mindanao. One Network Bank, based in the city, is the largest rural bank in the Philippines in assets; most branches are in Mindanao (including 17 locations where it is the only financial-services provider). Government social-insurance agencies such as the Social Security System and Government Service Insurance System are also in Davao.


There are many shopping centers that dot the city but these are the notable ones in Davao City. Abreeza, which opened in May 12, 2011, is the first and largest Ayala Mall in Mindanao.SM City Davao is the 1st SM Mall in Mindanao; and SM Lanang Premier, is the 1st and only SM Premiere Mall, and also the largest SM shopping mall, in Mindanao.
From 1988 until mid-2010, Davao City had been under the tutelage of two mayors. Rodrigo R. Duterte held two three-term office from 1988 to1998 and from 2001 to 2010. In basketball parlance, it would be refered to as a double ‘Grand Slam’. Benjamin C. De Guzman, then a vice-mayor, succeeded Duterte as mayor prior to the 1998 Elections for whom the latter purposely trained his then trusted lieutenant. De Guzman eventually won the 1998 mayoralty polls and led the city until 2001. The incumbent, Sarah Z. Duterte-Carpio followed her father’s footsteps in mid-2010. Tracing back to the city’s history, one would find out that there were already twenty people who held the city’s leadership prior to the younger Duterte either by election, succession or appointment. Here is the list of Davao City mayors dating back to 1937: (Photos courtesy of the Davao City Council)

ALFONSO  OBOSA  SR.-1941-1942
JUAN  SARENAS -1943-1944
DONATO  ENDRIGA -1944-1945
LEON  GARCIA -1947-1949
BERNARDO  TEVES -1949-1953
CARMELO  PORRAS -1956-1967
ELIAS  LOPEZ-1068-1971--1981-1986
LUIS  SANTOS-1972-1981
RODRIGO  DUTERTE-1988-1998 - 2001-2010
DOMINADOR  ZUNO -1990-1991
RODRIGO  DUTERTE- 2013 - present